Madhubani's painting is an artistic expression that has a great tradition in the Mithila region of Bihar, in India. Its process requires a previous ritual and has become a great source of income. It is a whole way of life of a community that reflects millennia of art and popular wisdom.
An ancient tradition
Madhubani's painting is an artistic tradition that is developed by women. A tradition that passes from mothers to daughters, from generation to generation, and that is more than just a painting. Well, since childhood, Madhubani women start playing with brushes and colors.IFPRI South Asia / Flickr.com
It is a form of initiation to this art through everyday play. But, the height of this family legacy takes place with the decoration of the Kohbar. This is the room given to them in the family home so they can live with their husband after the wedding.
Before beginning to paint, a prayer must be said so that the artist is favored by the deity. This will cause the painting to come to fruition and that the objectives that the artist pursues, whether ritual or commercial, are fulfilled.
Not much is known about its origin. While, it is believed to ariseIn the wake of the request of these paintings by King Janak for the wedding of his daughter Sita with Rama. But what seems certain is that it starts in the Madhubani region. This is a region that extends between Mithila, Nepal and northern Bihar and has its own regional identity and language.
Its realization is carried out on the wall, although, as in everything, modernity makes customs change. And due to the great commercial demand that these paintings have, they are also being made on paper and cloth. And men are beginning in this art.
The theme of Madhubani's paintingrexdude / Flickr.com
It is an art that has religion as its main inspiration, as well as love and fertility. It is typical, in this way, to find scenes of Hindu deities and sacred writings. And there are also images of weddings and celebrations, interspersed with natural motifs.
Madhubani's painting, It is a sample of the society of this region of India, since it reflects your morals, your values and your customs. However, in each region, or even in each house, they are usually adapted to the tastes of its inhabitants.
Craft materials are used for its elaboration. Both the brush and the colors are handmade by the artists. Thus, the brush is a cotton brush on a bamboo stick. And the colors are achieved by mixing spices and natural extracts.
A) Yes, black is the result of mixing blight with cow fimo. Yellow is achieved thanks to the tone of turmeric, which is mixed with milk leaf banyan. Blue is extracted from indigo and red is obtained from the flower of kusum. On the other hand, the green is extracted from the leaf of the apple wood tree and the white is obtained with rice and orange powder with the flower of palash.
Meanwhile, The canvas that is used for Madhubani's painting are the walls of the bridal room or the lounge or reception room for guests. These are prepared with a thin layer of plaster, which is what the paint will receive.
Madhubani painting, a source of income
Nowadays, this painting has become a motor of development of the Madhubani society. And it is normal to see the younger ones painting and making papers to serve as canvas. Well, although traditionally this was a painting to decorate the houses, since 1962 it is commercialized.
Y all, due to the initiative of a foreign artist who, in love with the colors of the murals of this town, asked some women to perform some on paper. He took them to his country and had such a welcome that since then the women of Madhubani paint them as souvenir and are marketed in other countries.