South of Greece, The Peloponnese peninsula is linked to the mainland by the Corinthian isthmus,and as the legend says it was conquered by the mythological hero Pélope. Because of its resemblance to a moral sheet during the Middle Ages, it was called "Morea." Are you with us to tour this beautiful place?
The Peloponnesus: millenary historical tour
Definitely, The Peloponnese region is one of the most important in terms of history. And not only from Greece, but from the world. Among the prominent sites are Olympia (the headquarters of the Olympic Games of Antiquity) and Sparta (one of the most important cities in ancient Greece).
A typical and "fast" tour of the Peloponnese cannot take less than three or four days. Many tourists choose to rent a car and enjoy the peninsula in their own way. Leaving from Athens to the south an itinerary can be the following:
1. CorinthCorinth Canal - arpalan
Only 6 kilometers from the isthmus that connects the Peloponnese and 78 from Athens, it may be the first destination. The Corinth Canal is one of the most fascinating engineering projects and communicates the Aegean Sea and the Ionian Sea. In addition, you can visit the Temple of Apollo and the Acropolis.
It was founded in 2000 B.C. and it is the city chosen by many characters of Greek mythology. Do not miss the archaeological museum, the temple dedicated to Hera, the Konstantopoulos palace, the Panagia monastery, the Akova fountain and the Argolis gulf.
3. MycenaeMycenae - S-F
It is an important archaeological site where three attractions stand out. On the one hand, the Gate of the Lions, built in 1250 BC. with an opening of 3.5 by 3.75 meters and two lions on the sides. On the other, the Treasure of Atreus, a circular tomb building of royalty, believed to be from Agamemnon. And finally, the royal tombs, where the remains of 19 people were found.
The ancient capital of Morea during the Ottoman domination is located between the mountains of Artemisio, Menalos and Parthenios. The archaeological museum, the 24 chapels, the ancient site of Tegea, the temple of Athena and the archeological site of Mantinia are some of the attractions of Tripoli.
"History ... witness of the times, light of truth, life of memory, teacher of life, witness of antiquity."
- Cicero -
5. SpartaSparta - seven_life
One of the most important of the Hellenic civilization and declined at the same time as the Greek civilization. The Franks founded the Mystra settlement (which is also worth a visit) and we can see the ruins of what was this magnificent city. The ancient theater, the acropolis and the tomb of Leónidas are the highlights of Sparta.
On the periphery of the Peloponnese, it is one of the most tourist places on the peninsula, on the Ionian Sea and near the mountain range of Mount Taigeto. It is also the second shopping center in the region and has several archaeological remains that are worth knowing.
7. OlympiaOlympia - Ververidis Vasilis
Three thousand years ago the first Olympic Games were held (dedicated to the god Zeus). They were part of the Panhellenic Games together with the Pitics (dedicated to Apollo in Delphi), the Nemeos (in honor of Hera in Argos) and the Isthics (in honor of Poseidon in Corinth).
Highlights are the archeological area with the original stadium, the remains of the temple of Zeus, the gymnasium, the study of Phidias and the archaeological museums of Olympia and the ancient games.
Important commercial center and port of the Peloponnese. Among its heritage are the palace, the market, the Apollo Theater and the churches of San Jarálabos, Santa Kiriakí, San Atanasio and San Nicolás.
The third largest city in Greece, with a history of four thousand years, It is known as "the West Gate", due to its commercial importance.
It is divided into two parts. On the one hand is the high city, with its fortress on Mount Panachaikon, the amphitheater and the castle with its gardens. On the other, there is the lower, more modern city, with the Apollo Theater, the Court of Justice, the City Hall and the University Museums.
Of course there are more places to meet in Peloponnese: Epidaurus, Nauplia and Naupacto.