The Tower of London: history, legends and mysteries

If you plan to visit the British capital, you can not miss the Tower of London, one of the four places in the city declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco and one of the most interesting points. This huge fortification has historical elements that are worth knowing. Come with us, we will take a tour of the Tower of London.

The Tower of London, brief history

The Tower of London is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames. It was built in 1066 by William the Conqueror. It is a complex of several buildings with different shapes and functions that were built around the first building, The White Tower.

This strength has been key in the history of England. It had many uses, served as an armory, treasury, house of beasts and prison. It was also named Real Casa de la Coneda, House of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom and Royal Accommodation.

Tower of London - Iakov Kalinin

It was known for many years as the Tower of Terror, since it was the scenario chosen to execute the prisoners. In total, 119 people were executed, 7 of them inside the same Tower and the rest at the top of the neighboring hill, known as Tower Hill.

He had several illustrious prisoners, including some overthrown kings, aristocrats and clerics accused of treason. Among the most prominent that were executed in the Green Tower are Queen Ana Bolena, Baron William Hastings, Henry VI of England, Queen Jane Gray and the thinker and writer Tomás Moro.

What to see in the Tower of London

1. White Tower

White Tower - Amy Laughinghouse

The White Tower is the central and oldest building of the fortress. It was built between 1078 and 1100 to inspire fear and submission to the rebellious citizens of London.

He has had functions of prison, armory and royal residence. Here an impressive collection of armor is exhibited.

2. The Jewels of the Crown

It is a collection composed of crowns, swords and scepters of incalculable value, both material, historical and religious. It is one of the most important and visited exhibits, as it is part of the Royal British Collection and is still in use by Queen Elizabeth II. In addition, this jewelry collection includes several of the most extraordinary diamonds in the world.

3. Medieval Palace

Tower of London - Anton_Ivanov

It is a building that recreates the luxury and opulence with which the kings of the time lived medieval. In part, it shows how the Tower of London, in addition to being an imposing fortress, was also a comfortable home for royals.

4. Royal Chapel of San Pedro and Link

This chapel was built in 1520 and is where the remains of the most famous prisoners rest They were executed in the Tower of London. Currently, this chapel is still a place of prayer for those who live in the tower, which is estimated to be about 150 people.

5. Bloody Tower

Tower of London - Celso Diniz

This tower It was called Bloody because of the disappearance of two princes who were in it. It is speculated that they were killed by his uncle, the Duke of Gloucester, with the sole purpose of ascending to the throne.

«This melancholy London. Sometimes I imagine that the souls of the lost are forced to walk their streets forever. »

- William Butler Yeats -

6. The walls

The walls of the Tower of London give fantastic views of the city, especially, of the wonderful Tower Bridge. You can not lose this.

7. The Crows

Tower of London - Claudio Divizia

The famous crows of the Tower they are the protagonists of a legend that says that if the crows disappeared the tower would collapse and with it, the kingdom. In order to avoid it, there is the Ravenmaster (Ravenmaster), who is in charge of caring for these birds and cutting off the ends of one of the wings to prevent them from escaping.

8. The Rifle Museum

The riflemen was a regiment of the British Army formed in the Tower of London in 1685 by King James II. The museum tells its story and contains flags, documents, paintings, medals and costumes.

9. Green Tower

The Green Tower was the place reserved for royal executions. In her great names of history were executed by order of the state, among them two of the women of Enrique VIII.

The Tower of London is a place full of an exciting history, which makes it one of the essential visits of the British capital.

Video: World of Mysteries - Hidden City of London (December 2019).