Fruska G National Parkora, located in Serbia, is one of those essential places to know. In this park you will find a refuge from nature and a door to the past that goes back to the Paleozoic and Mesozoic periods, as well as much more recent periods, represented by the Orthodox monasteries dating from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
Fruska Gora: an unforgettable adventure
Located just over an hour from the capital of Serbia we find this spectacular park which, in addition to offering its visitors a direct contact with nature, also offers the possibility of making a trip to the past.Novo Chopovo Monastery - Pecold
Fruska Gora is a mountain whose dimensions cover about 80 by 15 kilometers and its height does not exceed 539 meters. This national park is widely known for being an ideal place for recreation and for the practice of some sports such as hiking. But beyond this, one of the main attractions of this park are its famous monasteries.
In fact, Fruska Gora is also known as "the sacred mountain", This definition is given to be the place where 16 beautiful Orthodox monasteries are built, built between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and restored in the eighteenth century.Kovilj Monastery - Tatiana Popova
These 16 orthodox monasteries of the sacred mountain they form one of the most important historical-cultural groups of baroque style in the whole country. Some of the monasteries that stand out are: Novo Hopovo, Grgeteg, Vrdnik or Rakovac, Krušedol and Beočin.
"The world is a book and those who do not travel only read one page."
The most important monasteries of Fruska Gora
The history of these monasteries is as varied as themselves., but if there is something they have in common, in addition to the place where they stand, it is the objective of its construction, and that is that they were erected mainly on a hospital basis.Hopovo Monastery - Aleksandar Todorovic
In the case of the Novo Hopovo monastery, the first reference of the same dates from 1641. It is said that it was built by the despots of the Branković dynasty. With respect to Grgeteg, history indicates that it was founded in 1471 by the despot Zmaj Ognjen Vuk. In the case of Vrdnik or Rakovac it is speculated that it was erected in 1498 although some archives found that attest to its existence place the building between 1545 and 1546.
On the other hand it is known that the Krušedol monastery was founded by Bishop Maksim and his mother Angelina between the years 1509 and 1516. There is not so much information about the monastery Beočin, in fact, the date of its foundation is unknown; However, historians explain that it is mentioned in the Turkish archives in 1566.Novo Hopovo Monastery - Aleksandar Todorovic
Another of the most attractive aspects that Fruska Gora National Park has are the fossil remains belonging to the Paleozoic and Mesozoic periods, as well as the Tertiary and Quaternary era. In order to know and explore the places where these fossil remains are located, it is advisable to hire a guide trained in this task, that way the walk will be much more productive and interesting.
The nature of Fruska Gora National Park
Fruska Gora National Park is also widely known for its varied flora and fauna. In fact, its vineyards are particularly famous, since they produce a great variety of wines. On the other hand, the park is also rich in more than 400 species of mushrooms, as well as in the more than 30 types of orchids that adorn the place.Fruska Gora - Aleksandar Cocek / Flickr.com
In this sacred mountain also live numerous species of animals, among which are the chestnut lilies, bats, squirrel colonies, wildcats and more than 200 species of birds, some of which are in danger of extinction, such as the peregrine falcon, the booted eagle , the imperial eagle or the eagle pipargo.
If you travel to Serbia, getting to know Fruska Gora National Park should be almost a must. The place is the ideal combination of nature, stunning landscapes and an interesting history. An experience that you definitely cannot stop having, and you, would you like to know the sacred mountain?