Teotihuacán, an impressive pre-Hispanic city

Teotihuacán, the "City of the Gods", is one of the most impressive archeological centers in the world that will leave you amazed at every step with its beautiful and enigmatic constructions. Do not miss the opportunity to understand the vestiges of one of the most important civilizations in Mesoamerica. Come with us and meet Teotihuacan,in Mexico.

Teotihuacán history

Teotihuacán is just 50 kilometers northeast of Mexico City, within the municipality of San Juan Teotihuacan. It is the most visited archeological zone in the countryIn fact, it is recognized as one of the most impressive places in Mexico and the world.

Although very little is known about its foundation, archaeologists agree that it is the place where the spiritual and material knowledge of the Mesoamerican peoples were expressed, through the highest architectural, urban and artistic expression of the American continent.

Teotihuacán - milosk50

However, currently the Teotihuacan civilization remains shrouded in mystery, because despite the efforts, Little is known about the "City of the Gods" or "Place where the gods were made", a name given by the Mexicans when these impressive ruins were discovered in the 1960s.

The year of its foundation varies, but It is estimated that a civilization flourished here around 500 B.C., although scientists believe that a devastating fire in the eighth century destroyed what was one of the most important political, social and commercial cities in Mesoamerica.

Teotihuacán Architecture

As one of the largest archaeological sites, it has abundant architectural remains. 600 are counted pyramids, important palaces and buildings with splendid murals.

The Causeway of the Dead

Causeway of the Dead, Teotihuacán - Vladimir Korostyshevskiy

It is the axis of the city and measures four kilometers in length by 40 meters wide. Start at the Plaza de la Ciudadela and end at the Pyramid of the Moon. On the sides you can see different palaces and pyramids.

The Citadel

It was built in 200 BC, at the southern end of the ceremonial center. Important religious buildings like the temple of Quetzalcoatl are housed here, a central oratory and buildings where high leaders are believed to live.

"The best archaeologist is, despite everything, a vandal that destroys his document by consulting him."

-André Leroi-Gourhan-

The temple of Quetzalcoatl

Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacán - Noradoa

Located in the Citadel, is one of his buildings principal and was dedicated to the deity that bears his name. On its facade you can see snake heads along with aquatic motifs such as shells and snails, representations of Tláloc and the feathered snake.

The pyramid of the sun

Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacán - f9photos

It is located in the center of the archaeological zone, its construction is estimated between the years 1-150 A.D. Over a natural cave It measures 64 meters high and 215 meters on each side, which makes it one of the largest buildings in Mesoamerica.

At present can be climbed for 360 degree views of the place. To reach the top you must climb the same number of steps per day of the year. In 1971 a cave was discovered under the pyramid. To access it you must enter through a 7 meter long well located at the foot of the staircase.

The Plaza and Pyramid of the Moon

Pyramid of the Moon, Teotihuacán - ShenTao

It is at the northern end of the Causeway of the Dead and its construction is estimated between the years 1-150 A.D. It measures 40 meters high, on a base area of ​​1,800 m² and is made up of four large bodies. Above them is a large terraced temple with a stepped slope and a board. At the front of this structure you can see another nine smaller bodies that surround the square.

Quetzapapálotl Palace

Teotihuacán - Wata51

Also known as the "Palace of the Butterflies", it is located southwest of the Plaza de la Luna. It is believed that It was the principal residence of the priestly hierarchy. Remains of bas-reliefs and wall paintings can be admired inside.

The Patio de los Jaguares

It is located in the Plaza de la Luna, next to the Quetzalpapálotl Palace and was built between 450 and 650 A.D. It is surrounded by rooms. On its walls you can see remains of wall paintings with figures of jaguars, some of them with shells, snails and tufts. It is believed to be the graphic representation of a ritual to attract rain.

If you want to admire the greatness of one of the most important civilizations in Mesoamerica you must know Teotihuacán. Its impressive pyramids, temples and architectural vestiges will impress you.